Moors and pastures
Since 01.08.1997 moors and meadows between Rachel and Falkenstein as well as the entire national forest between the railway line Zwiesel - Bavarian Eisenstein and the border belong to the huge reserve area.
The National Park Administration in Grafenau has the task to protect this area as long as possible, but also to open up the natural beauty to visitors.
An extensive network of trails for hiking, biking and cross-country skiing primarily serves to solve this task.
The gently undulating plateau of the High Šumava gives shelter to a large bog area. Most of this vast moor is on the territory of the Czech Republic in the Sumava National Park. On the Bavarian side, there are only a few, small-area mire formations in the central European watershed (between the Danube and Moldova). One of the most important is the so-called Latschenfilz.
This particularly impressive area was already developed through a footpath in the 70s. The corduroy road, which was built in the early 80s, had become dilapidated. Therefore, it was replaced in 1997 by the National Park Service by a boardwalk and expanded into a circular path.
Farmers from surroundings of Zwiesel had formerly the right to send their cattle to pastures in the forests during the summer months. The herdsman, who worked for farmers, was with the cattle (mainly young cattle) from June to September on the high altitudes of the Bavarian Forest.
Forests and soon almost forest-free pastures have emerged over time.
Such open areas on which only single deciduous trees are remained, are called in the Bavarian Forest “pastures”. Herdsman used them primarily as sleeping spaces, as well as stations for lunch.
The forest pasture was abandoned already in the 50s.
Many of the deciduous trees, which formerly served as a shade, today are impressive giant trees or even, tree ruins.
The pastures are to be retained as evidence of a past cultural epoch and stay as forest-free areas in the future.
The catchment area of the drinking water reservoir
In the 70s, a dam was built in the valley of the Regen. It serves the population of the Bavarian Forest as drinking water storage. The streams from the area between Rachel and Hirschbach deliver their water in this huge reservoir, which has a volume of 21.7 million cubic meters.
Especially strict rules for keeping water clean are applied within the catchment area of the dam.
Adventure trails of moors and pastures
Walking about ¾ hour.
Height difference 50 m
The starting point is the bicycle parking lot on Hochschachten.
The 2½ km long trail goes through the Hochschachten and Kohlschachten. Between these two mountain meadows lies Latschenfilz with moos pools, z. B. the Latschensee. The route through the moor (700 m) is marked as a boardwalk.
The Latschenfilz is a particularly representative example of the Sattelhochmoore on the Sumava Plateau.
The Bavarian Forest National Park offers an extensive network of marked bike routes. The authorised biking forest trails are marked with signs.
A particular route was specifically created, so that cyclists have the opportunity to experience pastures (Moore) of the National Park.
The adventure trails of pastures and moors are reachable from Frauenau (The catchment area of the drinking water reservoir), from Buchenau or from Falkenstein. The adventure trails are provided not only for cycling!
There is a special space for bicycles on the marked bicycle route!
The equipment: guidance and information boards, parking space for bikes, toilet facility and shelter.